If you are a fan of T-shirts, you must know that fabric plays a vital role in the quality of a T-shirt. It influences the shape, comfort, and convenience of a T-shirt.
So far, the garments industry has been developing many types of materials for T-shirts, aimed at meeting broad demands.
The question is What are the differences between various types of T-shirt materials and Which one should you choose.
To help you to choose the right fibers for a T-shirt, this article provides you basic information about the fabrics, their features, and benefits in particular situations.
Cotton, a supper common material in the garment industry, this type of T-shirts fabric is a natural fabric made from the seedpod of the cotton plants. A T-shirt made from cotton is suitable for year-round use, even in hot, cold, damp, or dry weather.
The most impressive feature of cotton is highly breathable. In hot weather, cotton fibers will wick away moisture from your body, thereby preventing moisture layers between your skin and clothes. This feature will protect your skin and your body from infection or other health problems.
And thanks to its natural origin, cotton T-shirts are hypoallergenic with less odor compared to other synthetic fabrics. In other words, cotton fabric is an ideal option for people with sensitive skin and skin diseases.
If you are looking for a T-shirt or any clothes for your kids, cotton fabric is undoubtedly the best one to protect their health.
Besides the advantages mentioned above, cotton fabric has some downsides, such as wrinkle easily, feel rough at first, and be expensive.
Especially, moisture trapping might be useful for dry, hot weather but not for cold and damp weather or heavy and prolonged activities. This is because wet clothes would stick to your skin for a long time, which affects negatively your skin and health.
All in all, cotton fabrics are an excellent choice in terms of health and comfort. To get the benefits, you should keep cotton garments dry when wearing it.
How to keep your cotton T-shirts well?
Most cotton fabrics, with a resistant and robust structure, can be laundered by washing machine with any type of detergents. Loose weaves shrink easier and faster than tight patterns in the same situation.
Cotton fibers are resistant against hot water, which allows users to sterilize them by boiling water. However, cotton fabrics will shrink more in hot water, so you should wash or clean them by boiling water only if needed.
Common kinds of cotton on the market
Combed cotton: the cloth made by this cotton is very soft but expensive because the cotton fibers are processed before spun into yarn.
Organic cotton: the “healthy” cotton is deprived of the cotton plants grown with fewer fertilizers and pesticides. So this cotton is quite an environment – friendly but remains super soft feeling to the touch.
Pima cotton: This cotton fabric originated in American. Pima cotton is high-quality, soft, and durable.. Compared to the rest of cotton fabrics, Pima resists against stretching and fading very well. Moreover, you will feel it softer and more comfortable after every laundry.
Slub cotton is a special kind of cotton fabric, which is very light and rarely clings to your skin, bringing a comfortable experience for wearers. And the cotton is typically used for twisted and knotty outlook, so you don’t need to iron them.
Linen is a natural fabric type made from fibers of flax plants. Although it’s the less common fabric for T-shirts than cotton and polyester fabrics.
This fabric is not only highly breathable, and comfortable, just like cotton, but it also has lighter weight and lower moist retention. With these properties, lien garment may be the right option for you in the hot and damp weather.
This type of material is also ideal for dyeing and printing; as a result, it have many beautiful colors and decorations.
What else about this t-shirts fabric?
Another benefits are sturdy and durable. It resists dirt and stains, which help you wash easily after use. Fast drying is also an advantage of the fabric. But you should hand-washed for better maintenance .
The most significant downsides of Linen are wrinkles, which requires ironing whenever you want to wear it. You need to iron it quickly and at low temperature because it may be burned and change color under hot and long ironing. And it is less elastic than cotton fabrics.
Polyester, a typical fabric found in T-Shirt, is a synthetic fabric usually made from petroleum. Compared to natural fabrics, such as cotton and Linen, polyester is stronger and more durable; it keeps its shape and resistant to wrinkle and to shrink better.
Polyester is also highly elastic, which helps wearers easy to stretch and retain back into shape.
Polyester T-shirts are easy and time-saving to care for. You can wash and dry them by machine without selected-detergent. The clothes dry quickly. You shouldn’t ironing it much if not necessary. When ironing Polyester T-shirts, you need to do quickly with low temperatures because Polyester melts under high heat.
On the other hand, Polyester is not breathable or absorbent, so it is not comfortable to wear in hot and damp weather. The Polyester sometimes has an unpleasant odor. And, the structure of the fabric makes dye migration happen quickly.
This fabric is made from the natural cellulose of wood or plants and then treated by a chemical process. There are many kinds of Rayon, typically viscose, modal, and lyocell.
The variety of Rayon fabrics is manufactured to imitate the textile and feeling of cotton, silk. So Rayon is an excellent alternative to these other materials, especially expensive ones (Rayon is more affordable).
Rayon has some common features, as other materials listed above. It is absorbent, breathable and soft. And it is also dyed easily and beautifully, resulting in many color options for a T-shirt.
With the garment made from Rayon, you should pay attention to maintenance because they are prone to shrinking, stretching, and getting wrinkles. Dry – clean and iron are required when wearing rayon fabric.
Lycra fabrics play an essential role in developing the textile industry. It is commonly found in a variety of clothing, especially T-shirts and athletic clothes. Lycra is highly elastic; it can be stretched up to eight times its original state. The impressive feature helps wearers comfortable when moving, twisting, or doing many different poses.
And Lycra fabrics create good form-fitting and keep the original form of a T-shirt. And, different from other polymers, Lycra is highly resistant to heat.
Downsides of Lycra is non-recycle, contributing to pollution of the environment. Nowadays, people has innovated Lycra to become better versions, affecting less harmful to the environment.
There are three common types of Lycra fabrics in the world; Lycra, Elastane, and Spandex. They are manufactured and registered by other companies in different countries with quite different characteristics.
The advent of blend fabrics meets a broad range of needs, in terms of fashion and comfort of a T-shirt. A bend fabric has innovating features by utilizing the advantages of each material in a combination of two or three fabrics.
Three popular blends of fabric found in T-shirt :
Blends of cotton and polyester (63/35 and 50/50)
A mixture of cotton and polyester at 63/35 or 50/50 ratio, has both advantages of cotton and polyester fabrics. Polyester material helps the combination less shrinkable and deformed than pure cotton fabric. And, the cotton component maintains breathability and comfort of the blend fabric.
Cotton-polyester is very common in a variety of clothes. This combination may have a lower price than pure cotton, but remain excellent features, even improve some bad ones of cotton.
Blend of polyester, cotton, and Rayon (50/25/25)
A combination of the appropriate amount of polyester, cotton, and Rayon optimizes the cons of the fabrics. A garment made from this fabric is soft, stretchable, and durable. And this material allows manufacturers to create more designs and decorations.
Blend of polyester and spandex (85/15)
When combined with Spandex, Polyester fabric improves its disadvantages. The blend of polyester and spandex at an 85:15 ratio creates a material softer and more resistant against heat. Moreover, the polyester-spandex mixture is ubiquitous in T-shirts or sports uniforms because it can keep its shape well and high stretchability.
Each of the T-shirts fabric types has its specific advantages and disadvantages, which does not mean one is better than the others.
So, you just need to choose T-shirts with a fabric fitting for your specific situation best. And the information above can help you.
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